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NAGASAKI Prefecture

Area: 4,105 km2
Population: 1,397 million
Region: Kyushu
Capital: Nagasaki

photo by Yuki Hayashi

Nagasaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Nagasaki.

NAGASAKI CITY
Nagasaki is the capital of Nagasaki prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan.
Nagasaki harbour was the only harbour to which entry of foreign ships was permitted. Even today, Nagasaki shows the influence of many cultures such as Dutch, Portuguese, and Chinese.
On 9 August 1945, three days after the bombing of Hiroshima, a nuclear bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, killing a total of over 100,000 people. Today the city has recovered completely.

Some of the city’s main attractions include:
Mount Inasa. When the weather is clear, this mountaintop offers a full 360 degree view of Nagasaki City and harbor, and is a must-see site. The nighttime view of the city is called the "10 Million Dollar View" and ranked as one of the best 3 city night views in Japan.
Koshibyo Confucius Shrine. This is the only Confucius Shrine the Chinese built outside of China, and was constructed in 1893. It also has a large Chinese history museum behind it. It is often neglected and overlooked by many travel books and tourists, but has a gorgeous and bright appearance that is truly worth a visit.
Sofuku-ji. Constructed in 1629 by Chinese residents of Nagasaki, this temple is one of the best examples of Ming Dynasty architecture in the world. Even in China itself there are few surviving structures that display Ming Dynasty architecture as well as Sofuku-ji.
Atomic Bomb Museum. A well-done commemoration of one of the greatest tragedies of the 20th century. At the far end of the museum tour, you will find a powerful argument against nuclear proliferation, outlined in several well-designed exhibits.
Dejima (Site of the Former Dutch Factory), (near Nagasaki Port Terminal). 8AM-5PM - entrance closes at 4:40PM. Japan's sole port open to Western trade for over 200 years, Dejima Island was built to keep the West out-of-contact with the local populace in order to prevent the spread of Christianity. While only a few pieces of the original building foundations remain, the buildings have been recreated according to what we know about them, and you can walk inside their warehouses, quarters, kitchen, and other rooms. Dejima Wharf was built for commemorating the exchange between Japan and Netherlands for 400 years. There are 20 shops including restaurants. You can eat lunch or dinner watching the sea. ¥500. edit
Shinchi Chinatown. From the 15th to the 19th centuries Chinese traders and sailors called this area home and it is the oldest Chinatown in Japan. Four narrow streets come together to a central intersection, with several restaurants and shops contributing their part to Nagasaki's unique character. edit
Nagasaki Penguin Aquarium. A surprisingly entertaining and informative aquarium located about 30 min from Nagasaki station.
Kofuku-ji. This was the first Obaku Zen temple in Japan, established around 1620, and Nagasaki residents often call it the "red temple". It was used by many Chinese for over 3 centuries, and is one of the few historical places to escape damage from the atomic bombing.
WHAT TO DO AND WHAT TO SEE
Nagasaki has a unique food culture steeped in history. Many islands such as Kujukushima and Goto are blessed with natural beauty. It is said that tourists are amazed by the seascapes in these areas. Ten natural parks including national parks are spread across the prefecture.
GETTING THERE
By plane
Nagasaki has a small airport about an hour north of the city on an island in Omura bay, served by both of Japan's major air carriers. JAL and ANA offer nonstop flights from Haneda Airport in Tokyo and Osaka's Itami Airport. ANA also offers nonstop to Nagasaki from the new Nagoya Centrair Airport and Naha Airport in Okinawa, while JAL operates from Nagoya Airport in Komaki.

There are also nonstop international flights to Nagasaki from Shanghai (China Eastern Airlines) and Seoul (Korean Air), but these run much less frequently than the domestic flights.

Fukuoka offers access to many more international flights, as well as JetStar and Air Asia flights to Tokyo. flight in Fukuoka.

By train
JR Kyushu runs the Kamome Limited Express train service from Hakata station in Fukuoka once or twice every hour. The one-way ride takes about two hours.
Connections to the Kamome can be made from the rest of the country via the Shinkansen (Hiroshima, 3 hrs; Okayama, 4 hrs; Osaka, 4.5 hrs; Tokyo, 7 hrs).
From Kagoshima-Chuo station in Kagoshima, Nagasaki can be reached via the Kyushu Shinkansen and Kamome in about 3.5 hours.

By bus
Highway buses from Hakata station and the Fukuoka airport international terminal are the most economical way to reach Nagasaki from Fukuoka and taking about 2.5 hours. In Nagasaki, the buses arrive and depart from a small bus station across the road from the main train station. They depart about every 15 minutes during the day, though not all stop at the airport.
CLIMATE/ TEMPERATURE
With an average temperature of about 20°C throughout the year, Nagasaki weather is still one of distinct periods. Winter months (December to February) bring cool weather in Nagasaki. The temperature generally drops to between 5°C and 10°C during the day. The summer period (June to August/early September) in Nagasaki is characterised by hot temperatures of around 27°C, and high precipitation.
WHAT TO WEAR
During summer, you should be fine if you wear a short-sleeved shirt, t-shirt or a dress, however a long sleeved shirt is highly recommended if you choose to go near water or to the mountains.
In the winter, be sure to bring warm clothes such as winter coat or jacket, hat, scarf and gloves.
For the spring and autumn a light jacket or a sweater should keep you warm.
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